If you are new to skateboard you should know that learning the basics of this sport can be pretty dangerous, so it is better to be safe. Some professionals decide not to use safety gear (helmet, elbow and knee protection pads) but this is a decision that they make after years of experience and you, as a beginner, should definitely not try skating without protection gear.
Skateboard injuries usually happen when a skater loses balance and falls on strong surfaces. The hands, arms and knees are the most common parts of the body that get injured, but hurt to other body areas can also happen. By wearing protective equipment you will less likely to get injured.
One should never skate without a helmet. It is considered the most important piece of equipment as it can prevent serious head injuries. Those who skate occasionally can wear bicycle helmets, but if you are considering to do a lot of skateboarding, it may be a good idea to purchase a helmet designed especially for skateboarding. Skateboarding helmets come down lower in the back, toward the base of the skull, providing better protection in case of a backward fall happens. When choosing a helmet, make sure it follows all the safety standards for skateboarding.
Constant danger to skaters include scrapes, cuts, and broken or sprained wrists. So, more than a helmet make sure you also wear an elbow and knee protection pads and wrist guards all the time you skate. When shopping for elbow and knee protection pads look for models that feature cushioned interior and hard plastic shell to protect against scrapes. About wrist guards, look for a model made from strong plastic to hold the wrist securely in place in the event of a fall. Make sure the pads fits properly and have them securely fastened at all the times.
You may also consider wearing long sleeve shirts and long pants under your pads to ensure extra protection against scrapes and cuts. Light gloves are also recommended to help keep your fingers safe.
As you become experienced with skateboarding you will have more fun with it and will be less likely to get injured. Before trying skateboarding on your own, consider taking lessons from an experienced skater or trained instructor who will be able to teach you how to control speed, how to turn, stop, and skate with your head up so you can recognize and avoid obstacles that can contribute for you to fall.